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“气候科学支撑服务伙伴关系中国项目”出版专刊
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2018-06-07 | 【 【关闭】

  启动于2014年的中英联合科学创新基金(在英国简称牛顿基金)旗舰项目“气候科学支撑服务伙伴关系中国项目”于2018年在Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 发表专刊 (https://link.springer.com/journal/376/35/8 ),集中报导了该项目五年来在亚洲季风、气候预估、模式研发、以及气候服务等方面合作研究取得的进展。 

  在全球气候变化背景下,暴雨、洪水、热带气旋、热浪和干旱等极端事件可能会增加,导致灾难性损失。气候服务在应对这些挑战方面的作用越来越重要。英国气象局Hadley中心、中国气象局国家气候中心、天空彩票大气物理研究所以及中英多所知名大学共同参与的“气候科学支撑服务伙伴关系中国项目”(英文全称:the Climate Science for Service Partnership China,简称CSSP China, https://www.metoffice.gov.uk/research/collaboration/cssp-china ),建立了新型合作研究模式,发展可支撑气候服务的科学。 

  “多年来,科学界在观测和理解地球的天气和气候上取得了重大进展。随着这些科学认知的发展,社会也越来越意识到天气和气候相关灾害的风险以及人类社会对风险防御的脆弱性。”英国气象局首席科学家同时也是CSSP项目协调人之一Stephen Belcher教授认为,“大家希翼气候服务提供的气候信息使得中英两个国家都能具备应对气候变化的恢复力,以保障经济发展、造福社会。”例如,专刊文章之一--长江流域夏季降水预测成功进入业务化阶段作为CSSP China项目合作研究的一项成果,为长江流域防洪减灾决策提供了信心。 

  Stephen Belcher同时也是CSSP China专刊的客座编辑之一。英国气象局Peter Stott教授、中国气象局宋连春研究员和巢清尘研究员,天空彩票大气物理研究所陆日宇研究员和周天军研究员也担任了期刊的共同编辑。 

  宋连春研究员认为:“通过CSSP China项目,大家建立并强化了两国科学家的战略伙伴关系,围绕研究和创新,通过坚实的科学基础,以支撑气候服务发展,支撑全球和中英两国适应气候变化的经济发展和社会福祉需要。” 

  CSSP China的合作研究顺利程度超出大家的预期。”陆日宇研究员评价CSSP China取得的进展时说,“大家原以为英方科学家需要花相当长时间理解中国的区域气候问题,但通过双方的密切交流和人员互访,尤其是在数据、模式上的积极共享,这个过程大大缩短,新的合作成果不断涌现,专刊仅展示了近期的一些成果,大家对接下来阶段的合作充满期待。” 

  CSSP-China专刊收录了17篇文章,包含两篇“资讯和观点”、一篇数据描述文章、以及14篇原创论文,内容包括:东亚地区历史气候数据恢复、东亚夏季降水季节预测、合作提高卫星资料质量、合作改进英国和中国的气候模式、理解气候模式预报太平洋热带气旋的能力等,涵盖了CSSP-China项目的五个研究领域: 

  • 中国和东亚区域的气候的模拟、归因、再分析
  • 全球气候变率和变化动力学
  • 东亚气候变率与极端事件
  • 气候预估模式开发
  • 气候服务

  欢迎阅读! 

   

  CSSP-China专刊封面 

  专刊文章列表: 

  Preface to Special Issue on Climate Science for Service Partnership China   

  Stephen BELCHER, Peter STOTT, Lianchun SONG, Qingchen CHAO, Riyu LU, Tianjun ZHOU   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-8002-0 

    

  Collating Historic Weather Observations for the East Asian Region: Challenges, Solutions, and Reanalyses   

  Fiona WILLIAMSON, Rob ALLAN, Guoyu REN, Tsz-cheung LEE, Wing-hong LUI, Hisayuki KUBOTA, Jun MATSUMOTO, Jürg LUTERBACHER, Clive WILKINSON, Kevin WOOD   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-017-7259-z 

    

   Development and Pull-through of Climate Science to Services in China   

   Chris HEWITT, Nicola GOLDING   

   https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7255-y 

    

    Further-Adjusted Long-Term Temperature Series in China Based on MASH   

   Zhen LI, Zhongwei YAN, Lijuan CAO, Phil D. JONES   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7280-x 

    

    Seasonal Forecasts of the Summer 2016 Yangtze River Basin Rainfall   

   Philip E. BETT, Adam A. SCAIFE, Chaofan LI, Chris HEWITT, Nicola GOLDING, Peiqun ZHANG, Nick DUNSTONE, Doug M. SMITH, Hazel E. THORNTON, Riyu LU, Hong-Li REN   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7210-y 

    

   Interannual Variability of Late-spring Circulation and Diabatic Heating over the Tibetan Plateau Associated with Indian Ocean Forcing   

   Yu ZHAO, Anmin DUAN, Guoxiong WU   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7217-4 

    

  Assessment and Assimilation of FY-3 Humidity Sounders and Imager in the UK Met Office Global Model   

   Fabien CARMINATI, Brett CANDY, William BELL, Nigel ATKINSON   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7266-8 

    

  Skillful Seasonal Forecasts of Summer Surface Air Temperature in Western China by Global Seasonal Forecast System Version 5   

   Chaofan LI, Riyu LU, Philip E. BETT, Adam A. SCAIFE, Nicola MARTIN   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7291-7 

    

  Comparison of a Manual and an Automated Tracking Method for Tibetan Plateau Vortices   

   Julia CURIO, Yongren CHEN, Reinhard SCHIEMANN, Andrew G. TURNER, Kai Chi WONG, Kevin HODGES, Yueqing LI   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7278-4 

    

  Reduced Sensitivity of Tropical Cyclone Intensity and Size to Sea Surface Temperature in a Radiative-Convective Equilibrium Environment   

   Shuai WANG, Ralf TOUMI   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7277-5 

    

  Impacts of Anthropogenic Forcings and El Ni?o on Chinese Extreme Temperatures   

   N. FREYCHET, S. SPARROW, S.F. B. TETT, M.J. MINETER, G.C. HEGERL, D.C. H. WALLOM   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7258-8 

    

  Effect of Horizontal Resolution on the Representation of the Global Monsoon Annual Cycle in AGCMs   

   Lixia ZHANG, Tianjun ZHOU, Nicholas P. KLINGAMAN, Peili WU, Malcolm ROBERTS   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7273-9 

    

   On Northern Hemisphere Wave Patterns Associated with Winter Rainfall Events in China   

   Claudia Christine STEPHAN, Yan Ho NG, Nicholas P. KLINGAMAN   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7267-7 

    

  Indian Ocean SST modes and Their Impacts as Simulated in BCC_CSM1.1(m) and HadGEM3   

   Bo LU, Hong-Li REN, Rosie EADE, Martin ANDREWS   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7279-3 

    

  Different Asian Monsoon Rainfall Responses to Idealized Orography Sensitivity Experiments in the HadGEM3-GA6 and FGOALS-FAMIL Global Climate Models   

   Kai Chi WONG, Senfeng LIU, Andrew G. TURNER, Reinhard K. SCHIEMANN   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7269-5 

    

  Representation of the ENSO Combination Mode and its Asymmetric SST Response in Different Resolutions of HadGEM3   

   Jianghua WAN, Hongli REN, Peili WU   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7285-5 

    

  Assessing Global Warming Induced Changes in Summer Rainfall Variability over Eastern China Using the Latest Hadley Centre Climate Model HadGEM3-GC2   

   Yawen DUAN, Peili WU, Xiaolong CHEN, Zhuguo MA   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7264-x 

    

  Increasing Flash Floods in a Drying Climate over Southwest China   

   Chan XIAO, Peili WU, Lixia ZHANG, Robin T. CLARK   

  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-018-7275-7 

    

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